Communicable diseases, sometimes called infectious diseases, are illnesses caused by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Sometimes the illness is not due to the organism itself,but rather a toxin that the organism produces after it has been introduced into a human host.

Communicable diseases may be transmitted (spread) either by:
  • one infected person to another,
  • from an animal to a human, or
  • from some inanimate object (doorknobs, table tops, etc.) to an individual.
It is important to note that some communicable diseases can be spread in more than one way.

Hospitals and clinics are required by law to report certain communicable diseases to the local healthdepartment and it is the local health department’s responsibility to follow up on these diseases/illnesses as they are considered to have great public health impact. To see a list of reportable diseases, visit DHS: Control of Communicable Diseases.

To learn more about communicable diseases call Langlade County Health Department at 715-627-6250 or visit DHS: Communicable Disease Fact Sheets to search for communicable disease fact sheets.

Sexually Transmitted Infections:

State statutes mandate county health departments to provide sexually transmitted disease follow-up, assure that contacts receive screening and treatment, and collaborate with area health care providers on surveillance and follow-up.